During our teenage years, most of us go through the painful phase of acne appearance. That urge of hiding away your face just because you think you hilariously ugly with that one pimple on your chin. And I’m not even joking about this, some of these pimples can be so stubborn. They decide to make a home on your face taking away all the attention. It is the most bothersome thing on the planet undoubtedly. Most of the times, we use the orthodox tactic of not touching it and hope that it disappears as soon as possible. And about two thirds of these pimples go away by themselves without any treatment or home remedies and shouldn’t be a reason to worry. But sometimes, these outbreaks can be serious in the form of cystic acne. These outbreaks are emotionally very distressing and usually make the person susceptible to low self esteem. Which shouldn’t be the case! How to get rid of cystic pimples is very easy and can be managed with the help of proper medical treatment, a few home remedies and of course, prevention of its worst effects by taking care of your skin more providently.
How it works?
Cystic acne is larger, redder and very painful to touch. One should not wait for them to disappear themselves because they won’t. They will leave your skin damaged by immense scars and huge pores. Our skin pores secrete an oily substance through its sebaceous glands and underlying hair follicles. This is generally a protective mechanism to take care of any skin abrasion but can also create a problem. This sebum like oily substance can coagulate or accumulate in the skin pore itself and plug them, therefore, preventing aeration of the skin. The epidermal cells of the superficial skin get clumped with blobs of this sebum. After the skin cells lose contact with aerobic conditioning, a bacterium called Propionobacteriumacnes starts developing. These clogged pores can also appear as blackheads or whiteheads.
Cystic acne occurs due to underlying bacteria. Cystic, as the names suggests, forms cyst in the superficial skin pores which can be highly irritating. This bacteria not only stays in the upper layers of your skin, but goes in deep and damages it from the inside membrane, leaving behind scar tissue. This damage to inner cell membranes in the deeper regions leads to development of subcutaneous redness and swelling. Inflammation of these will also lead to rupture of the hair follicles releasing matter, triggering forming deeper, hard and painful cysts.
Bursting it or even a minute spread of the liquid inside this acne can lead to proliferation of the bacteria on surrounding skin tissue as well. 80% of people are affected with this condition. Acne has been the top reason of dermatology visits and cystic acne is always embedded deep in the tissue. These do not have a specific age group to effect. Cystic acne can occur at any age and any part of your body, can be your skin, upper arms, shoulders, chest, etc. these clogged pores can be very hard to treat and will keep bugging you constantly. But do not worry, getting rid of them is possible.
Acne is triggered by blockage of the pores as mentioned above. P. Acne cysts are very inflamed. Hormonal changes related to puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, birth control and stress will always give rise to such bloats. Occlusive and greasy cosmetics or cleansers are bad for skin and make it prone to such inflammation. Environmental conditions will also alter the tone and texture of your skin. Levels of humidity and the amount of sweat you release also puts a bar on how many times and how severe these outbreaks could be. Some drugs like corticosteroids, lithium, isoniazid will worsen these outbreaks and eruptions. But do not believe the lies which state that chocolate, nuts or greasy foods cause these outbreaks. Poor sexual habits, inadequate face washing or other dietary choices do not affect these eruptions at all. So do not blame these things for the poor look of your skin because these are only myths.
First thing First
See a dermatologist as soon as you can. That is the first step to getting the beauty of your skin back. A dermatologist will recommend you appropriate antibiotics, which will hamper bacterial growth and provide you relief. Sometimes even birth control pills will help women get out of this problem as birth control pills will manage your hormonal levels and keep them under control. Dermas can prescribe creams rich in vitamin A which will promote new cell growth and help the antibiotics work.
One very common, over the counter drug available is Isotretinoin. This drug will attack all causes of skin acne and provide immense relief permanently. This has a slight risk of intake in pregnant women. So do not consider the drug without discussing with your derma. It also has side effects which can result in extremely dry lips, harsh joint pains, elevated lipid profile of the patient, eye and genital dryness and even a severe case of depression. So do not self medicate with this drug and consult a physician who will conduct a thorough report of your blood profile before giving you the prescription. If your profile comes clean, you are good to go!
Hormone blockers like spironolactone, a normal acne treatment medication, will also help. Mainly you should resist touching them as the chances of spread to adjacent areas through pus infection are very high. Benzoyl peroxide is another treatment option available to anybody with any kind of acne. It is a wide range antibiotic and will help you clear your skin. You can use it even if you’re not sure about your pimples being cystic as it works wonders for normal skin trouble or mild acne as well. It is available over the counter in pharmacies and can be applied in numerous formulations. It works by breaking these ‘comedones’ found on your skin.
It is of two types, water or alcohol based, and comes in many formulations. Choose the one that suits your skin type and helps the adversity of your acne from spreading. Do not start washing your face too often if your skin is prone to acne, this will dry your skin and steal away essential oils from it. Even scrubbing harshly should be avoided, as these exfoliating agents can cause abrasion and irritation of your skin, leading to epidermal cell damage making it more prone to pimples.
Also, if you have outbreaks of the past, avoid putting any makeup on them or around them. Make up has chemicals which will worsen your skin condition and that is the last thing you want. If you have a very severe case of acne, your dermatologist might suggest steroid injection. This is an injection of cortico-steroids directly into the cyst. This will help in reducing the scarring and inflammation. The injection is dilute: 0.1 milliliters of triamcinolone suspension reduced to 2.5 milligrams per milliliters. If not these, dermatologists may also offer to drain the cyst directly by applying an incision. But this should not be preferred. The main rule is that cystic acne can not be treated like surface acne and no traditional spot treatments will work on it. Even after the cysts leave, the healing process will take time. Your Derma can help you explore various options regarding treatment and it is essential to not let this problem linger for long.
Majorly, do not stress about these pimples. The more you stress, the more hormones will invade your body, making the infection last longer. So relax yourself and do not worry about them. Improve your diet intake and entertain a low-fatty acid diet. Also decrease your sugar intake. This will help you not to revisit the painful experience! Just take care of your daily routine. Do not let the pores clog. Apply toner and cucumber to your skin for mild detoxification. Add salads and healthy vegetables to your diet which are rich in antioxidants. Even green tea and aloe treatments will help get amazing results in very short time. Nourish your skin with a moisturizer regularly and if your skin is prone to acne and pimples stay away from any causes that could lead to development of frustrating problems such as Cystic acne. Consult your dermatologist regularly and lead a healthy lifestyle.